Welcome

Rolf Engg. Solutions Inc. supply and manufacture Stainless, Alloy and Carbon Steels.

Home - Data Sheet

SS pipe grades.

A249/ A249M A269 A270 A778 A335/ A335M A691
A790 A312 A409 A554 A358/ A358M A928/ A928M


CS pipe Grades

A 106 A53 API5L A671 A672


astm a409 Tensile Requirements :

    Tensile Strength min Yield Strength min
Grade UNS ksi MPa ksi MPa
TP304 S30400 75 515 30 205
TP304L S30403 70 485 25 170
TP309Cb S30940 75 515 30 205
TP309S S30908 75 515 30 205
TP310Cb S31040 75 515 30 205

TP310S
S31008 75 515 30 205
TP316 S31600 75 515 30 205
TP316L S31603 70 485 25 170
TP317 S31700 75 515 30 205
TP321 S32100 75 515 30 205
TP347 S34700 75 515 30 205
TP348 S34800 75 515 30 205
  S31254 94 650 44 300
  S30815 87 600 45 310
  S31725 75 515 30 205
  S31726 80 550 35 240
  S24565 115 795 60 415
  N08367 100(951) 690(6551) 45 310

Note: 1 Value if wall thickness >0.187 in (4.75 mm)


Heat Treatment :

Grade UNS Temperature °F Temperature °C Treatment

All
All 1900 1040 Minimum heat treating temperature. Quench1,2
  S31254 2100 1150 Minimum heat treating temperature. Quench1
  S30815 1920 1050 Minimum heat treating temperature. Quench1
  S24565 2050-2140 1120-1170 Minimum heat treating temperature. Quench1
  N08367 2025 1107 Minimum heat treating temperature. Quench1

Notes
- All = All grades listed in the chemical composition table except those itemised in this table.
1 Quench in water or rapid cool by other means.
2 For grades TP321, TP347 and TP348, if solution temperatures above 1950 °F (1065 °C) are used, lower temperature final
stabilisation treatment may be specified (see Supplementary Requirement S5) to ensure intergranular corrosion resistance is not impaired.

Chemical Composition :

Grade UNS Composition Percentage, max or range
&DUERn
C
0DQJDQHVe
Mn
3KRVSKRUXs
P
6XOSKXr
S
6LOLFRn
Si
1LFNHl Ni &KURPLXm
Cr
0RO\EGHQXm Mo Note
TP304 S3040 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 8.00-11.0 18.0-20.0 - -
TP304L S30403 0.035 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 8.00-13.0 18.0-20.0 - -
TP309Cb S30940 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 12.0-16.0 22.0-24.0 0.75 1, 2
TP309S S30908 0.08 2.0 0.04 0.03 0.75 12.0-15.0 22-24 0.75 2

TP310Cb
S3104 0.08 2.0 0.045 0.030 0.7 19.0-22. 24.0-26. 0.75 1, 2
TP310S S31008 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 19.0-22.0 24.0-26.0 0.75 2
TP316 S31600 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 10.0-14.0 16.0-18.0 2.0-3.0  
TP316L S31603 0.035 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 10.0-15.0 16.0-18.0 2.0-3.0  
TP317 S31700 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 11.0-14.0 18.0-20.0 3.0-4.0  
TP321 S32100 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 9.00-13.0 17.0-20.0 - 3
TP347 S34700 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 9.00-13. 17.0-20.0 - 4
TP348 S34800 0.08 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 9.00-13.0 17.0-20.0 - 5
  S31254 0.020 1.00 0.030 0.010 0.80 17.5-18.5 19.5-20.5 6.00-6.50 11
  S30815 0.05-
0.10
0.80 0.040 0.030 1.40-
2.00
10.0-12.0 20.0-22.0 - 6, 7
  S31725 0.03 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 13.5-17.5 18.0-20.0 4.0-5.0 2, 8
  S31726 0.03 2.00 0.045 0.030 0.75 13.5-17.5 17.0-20.0 4.0-5.0 9
  S24565 0.03 5.0-7.0 0.030 0.010 1.00 16.0-18.0 23.0-25.0 4.0-5.0 10
  N08367 0.030 2.00 0.040 0.030 1.00 23.50-
25.50
20.00-
22.00
6.00-7.00 12

 

Designation: A 409/A 409M – 01 (Reapproved 2005)

Standard Specification for
Welded Large Diameter Austenitic Steel Pipe for Corrosive
or High-Temperature Service

This standard is issued under the fixed designation A 409/A 409M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the year
of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval.
A superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

1. Scope
1.1 This specification2 covers straight seam or spiral seam
electric-fusion-welded, light-wall, austenitic chromium-nickel
alloy steel pipe for corrosive or high-temperature service. The
sizes covered are NPS 14 to 30 with extra light (Schedule 5S)
and light (Schedule 10S) wall thicknesses. Table X1.1 shows
the wall thickness of Schedule 5S and 10S pipe. Pipe having
other dimensions may be furnished provided such pipe complies
with all other requirements of this specification.
1.2 Several grades of alloy steel are covered as indicated in
Table 1.
1.3 Optional supplementary requirements are provided.
These call for additional tests to be made, and when desired
shall be stated in the order, together with the number of such
tests required.
1.4 The values stated in either inch-pound units or SI units
are to be regarded separately as standard. Within the text, the
SI units are shown in brackets. The values stated in each
system are not exact equivalents; therefore, each system must
be used independently of the other. Combining values from the
two systems may result in nonconformance with the specification.
The inch-pound units shall apply unless the “M”
designation of this specification is specified in the order.
NOTE 1—The dimensionless designator NPS (nominal pipe size) has
been substituted in this standard for such traditional terms as nominal
diameter, size, and nominal size.
2. Referenced Documents
2.1 ASTM Standards: 3
A 262 Practices for Detecting Susceptibility to Intergranular
Attack in Austenitic Stainless Steels
1 This specification is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee A01 on Steel,
Stainless Steel, and Related Alloys and is the direct responsibility of Subcommittee
A01.10 on Stainless and Alloy Steel Tubular Products.
Current edition approved Sept. 1, 2005. Published October 2005. Originally
approved in 1957 . Last previous edition approved in 2001 as A 409/A 409M – 01.
2 For ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code applications see related Specification
SA-409 in Section II of that Code.
3 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website, www.astm.org, or
contact ASTM Customer Service at service@astm.org. For Annual Book of ASTM
Standards volume information, refer to the standard’s Document Summary page on
the ASTM website.

A 480/A 480M Specification for General Requirements for
Flat-Rolled Stainless and Heat-Resisting Steel Plate,
Sheet, and Strip
A 999/A 999M Specification for General Requirements for
Alloy and Stainless Steel Pipe
E 527 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys (UNS)
2.2 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code:
Section IX Welding Qualifications. 4
2.3 AWS Standards:5
A 5.22 Flux Cored Arc Welding
A 5.30 Consumable Weld Inserts for Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding
A 5.4 Corrosion-Resisting Chromium and Chromium-
Nickel Steel Covered Welding Electrodes
A 5.9 Corrosion-Resisting Chromium and Chromium-
Nickel Steel Welding Rods and Bare Electrodes
A 5.11 Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Covered Welding Electrodes
A 5.14 Nickel and Nickel-Alloy Bare Welding Rods and
Electrodes
2.4 Other Standard:
SAE J1086 Practice for Numbering Metals and Alloys
(UNS)6
3. Ordering Information
3.1 Orders for material to this specification should include
the following, as required, to describe the desired material
adequately:
3.1.1 Quantity (feet, centimetres, or number of lengths),
3.1.2 Name of material (straight seam or spiral seam
electric-fusion-welded austenitic steel pipe),
3.1.3 Grade (Table 1),
3.1.4 Size (outside diameter and schedule number, or wall
thickness).
3.1.5 Length (specific or random) (Section 11),

4 .Available from American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME
International Headquarters, Three Park Ave., New York, NY 10016-5990.
5 Available from American Welding Society (AWS), 550 NW LeJeune Rd.,
Miami, FL 33126.
6 Available from Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE), 400 Commonwealth
Dr., Warrendale, PA 15096-0001.

TABLE 1   Chemical Requirements

UNS

Composition, %

 

 

Designa-
tionsA

Car-

Man-

Phos-

Sulfur,

Sili-

Nickel

Chromium

Molyb-

Tita-

Colum-

Cerium

Other Elements

 

 

bon,

ganese,

phorus,

max

con

 

 

denum

nium

bium

 

 

 

 

max

max

max

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TP304

S30400

0.08

2.00

0.045

0.030

1.00 max

8.0–11.0

18.0–20.0

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

TP304L

S30403

0.035

2.00

0.045

0.030

1.00 max

8.0–12.0

18.0–20.0

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

. . .

TP309Cb

S30940

0.08

2.00

0.045

0.030

1.00 max

12.0–16.0

22.0–24.0

 

. . .

. . .

. . .

Cb 10 3 C min,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.10 max

TP309S

S30908

0.08

2.00

0.045

0.030

1.00 max

12.0–15.0

22.0–24.0

. . .

. . .

. . .

 

TP310Cb

S31040

0.08

2.00

0.045

0.030

1.00 max

19.0–22.0

24.0–26.0

. . .

. . .

. . .

Cb 10 3 C min,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.10 max

 

3.1.6 End finish (Section on Ends of Specification A 999/
A 999M),
3.1.7 Optional requirements (5.2.1-5.2.3 removal of weld
bead; 5.3.2, special heat treatment; 15.2, nondestructive test;
10.1.1, outside diameter tolerance; 11.2, length circumferentially
welded; 12.3, repair by welding and heat treatment
subsequent to repair welding; 12.4, sand blasted or pickled;
17.1 Certification; Supplementary Requirements S1 to S6).
3.1.8 Specification designation, and
3.1.9 Special requirements.
4. General Requirements
4.1 Material furnished to this specification shall conform to
the applicable requirements of the current edition of Specification
A 999/A 999M, unless otherwise provided herein.
5. Materials and Manufacture
5.1 If a specific type of melting is required by the purchaser
it shall be stated on the order.
5.2 Welding:
5.2.1 The welds shall be made by the manual or automatic
electric-welding process. For manual welding, the operator and
procedure shall be qualified in accordance with the ASME
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX. Unless otherwise
specified on the purchase order, the pipe may be welded with
or without filler metal when the automatic electric-welding
process is used.
5.2.2 The weld surface on either side of the weld may be
flush with the base plate or may have a reasonably uniform
crown, not to exceed 1⁄16 in. [2 mm]. Any weld reinforcement
may be removed at the manufacturer’s option or by agreement
between the manufacturer and purchaser. The contour of the
reinforcement should be reasonably smooth and free from
irregularities. The weld metal shall be fused uniformly into the
plate surface. No concavity of contour is permitted unless the
resulting thickness of weld metal is equal to or greater than the
minimum thickness of the adjacent base metal.
5.2.3 Weld defects, as determined by specified inspection
requirements, shall be repaired by removal to sound metal and
rewelding.
5.3 Heat Treatment:
5.3.1 Except as provided in 5.3.2, all pipe shall be furnished
in the heat-treated condition. The heat-treatment procedure
shall consist of heating the material to a minimum temperature
of 1900°F [1040°C], except for S31254 and S30815 which
shall be heat treated to 2100°F [1150°C] and 1920°F [1050°C]
respectively, S24565 which shall be heat treated in the range
2050°F [1120°C] to 2140°F [1170°C], and N08367, which
shall be heated to a minimum temperature of 2025°F [1107°C],
all materials to be followed by quenching in water or rapidly
cooling by other means.
5.3.2 The purchase order shall specify one of the following
conditions if the heat-treated condition specified in 5.3.1 is not
desired by the purchaser:

5.3.2.1 A final heat-treatment temperature under 1900°F
[1040°C]. Each pipe supplied under this requirement shall be
stenciled with the final heat-treatment temperature in degrees
Fahrenheit or degrees Celsius after the suffix “HT”. Controlled
structural or special service characteristics may be specified as
a guide for the most suitable heat treatment.
5.3.2.2 No final heat treatment of pipe fabricated of plate,
that has been solution heat treated at temperatures required by
this specification. Each pipe supplied under this requirement
shall be stenciled with the suffix “HT-O”.
5.3.2.3 No final heat treatment of pipe fabricated of plate,
that has not been solution heat treated. Each pipe supplied
under this requirement shall be stenciled with the suffix
“HT-SO”.
5.4 A solution annealing temperature above 1950°F
[1065°C] may impair the resistance to intergranular corrosion
after subsequent exposure to sensitizing conditions in TP321,
TP347, and TP348. When specified by the purchaser, a lower
temperature stabilization or re-solution anneal shall be used
subsequent to the initial high temperature solution anneal (see
Supplementary Requirement S5).
6. Chemical Composition
6.1 The steel shall conform to the chemical composition in
Table 1.
6.2 When specified on the purchase order, a product analysis
shall be supplied from one tube or coil of steel per heat. The
product analysis tolerance of Specification A 480/A 480M
shall apply.
6.3 Unless otherwise specified in the purchase order, the
chemical composition of the welding filler metal shall conform
to the requirements of the applicable AWS specification for the
corresponding grade shown in Table 2. Grades with no filler
metal classification indicated shall be welded with filler metals
producing deposited weld metal having a composition in
accordance with the chemical composition specified in Table 1.
The method of analysis for nitrogen and cerium shall be a
matter of agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer.
The purchaser may choose a higher-alloy filler metal when
needed for corrosion resistance.
7. Tensile Requirements
7.1 The tensile properties of the plate or sheet used in
making the pipe shall conform to the requirements prescribed
in Table 3. Certified mill test reports shall be submitted to the
pipe manufacturer.
7.2 Atransverse tension test taken across the welded joint of
the finished pipe shall meet the same minimum tensile strength
requirements as the sheet or plate. The weld section on the
tension specimen shall be in the same condition as the finished
pipe (with or without bead as specified).
8. Mechanical Tests Required
8.1 Tension Test—One transverse tension test of the weld
shall be made on each lot (Note 2) of finished pipe.

NOTE 2—The term “lot” applies to each 200 ft [60 m] or less of pipe of
the same NPS and wall thickness (or schedule number) which is produced
from the same heat of steel and subjected to the same finishing treatment
in a continuous furnace. When final heat treatment is in a batch-type
furnace, the lot shall include only that pipe which is heat treated in the
same furnace charge. When no heat treatment is performed following final
forming operations, the lot shall include each 200 ft [60 m] or less of pipe

of the same NPS and wall thickness (or schedule number) which is
produced from the same heat of steel.

8.2 Transverse Guided-Bend Weld Test—One test (two
specimens) of the weld shall be made on each lot (Note 2) of
finished pipe.
8.3 Pressure or Nondestructive Electric Test—Each length
of pipe shall be subjected to a pressure test or a nondestructive
electric test as prescribed in Section 5.
9. Permissible Variations in Wall Thickness
9.1 The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be
more than 0.018 in. [0.46 mm] under the specified wall
thickness. (This tolerance is slightly more than commercial
tolerances on sheet and plate to allow for possible loss of
thickness caused by manufacturing operations.)
10. Permissible Variations in Dimensions
10.1 Permissible variations in dimensions shall not exceed
the following at any point in each length of pipe.
10.1.1 Specified Diameter—Where the specified wall thickness
is less than 0.188 in. [4.8 mm], the actual outside
diameter, based on circumferential measurement, shall not vary
more than 60.20 % from the specified outside diameter. Where
the specified wall thickness is 0.188 in. [4.8 mm] and heavier,
the actual outside diameter, based on circumferential measurement,
may vary a maximum of 60.40 % from the specified
outside diameter. (Outside diameter tolerances closer than
shown above may be obtained by agreement between the pipe
manufacturer and purchaser.)
10.1.2 Out-of-Roundness—The difference between the major
and the minor outside diameter shall not be more than 1.5 %
of the specified outside diameter.
10.1.3 Alignment (Camber)—Using a 10-ft [3.0-m]
straightedge placed so that both ends are in contact with the
pipe, the camber shall not be more than 3⁄16 in. [4.8 mm].
11. Lengths
11.1 Unless otherwise specified in the purchase order, pipe
of NPS 22 or less will be furnished in random lengths of 9 to

12 ft (Note 3). For outside diameters of over NPS 22, the
minimum length will be 5 ft (Note 3).
NOTE 3—This value(s) applies when the inch-pound designation of this
specification is the basis of purchase. The corresponding metric value(s)
shall be agreed upon between the manufacturer and the purchaser.
11.2 When specified by the purchaser, two or more lengths
may be circumferentially welded together to produce longer
lengths.
11.3 Circumferentially welded joints shall be of the same
quality as the longitudinal joints.
12. Workmanship, Finish, and Appearance
12.1 The finished pipe shall have a workmanlike finish.
12.2 Repair of Defects by Machining or Grinding—Pipe
showing moderate slivers or other surface defects may be
machined or ground inside or outside to a depth which will
ensure the removal of all defects providing the wall thickness
is not reduced below the minimum specified in 9.1.
12.3 Repair of Defects by Welding—Defects which violate
minimum wall thickness may be repaired by welding, but only
with the approval of the purchaser. Areas shall be suitably
prepared for welding with tightly closed defects removed by
grinding. Open, clean defects, such as pits or impressions, may
require no preparation. All welders, welding operators, and
weld procedures shall be qualified to the ASME Boiler and
Pressure Vessel Code, Section IX. Unless the purchaser specifies
otherwise, pipe required to be heat treated under the
provisions of 5.3 shall be heat treated or reheat treated
following repair welding. Repaired lengths, where repair depth
is greater than 1⁄4 of the thickness, shall be pressure tested or
repressure tested after repair and heat treatment (if any). Repair
welds shall also be examined by suitable non-destructive
examination techniques, including any techniques specifically
required of the primary weld.
12.4 The pipe shall be free of scale and contaminating iron
particles. Pickling, blasting, or surface finishing is not mandatory
when pipe is bright annealed. The purchaser may request
that a passivating treatment be applied.
13. Test Specimens
13.1 Transverse tension and bend test specimens may be
taken from a test plate of the same material as the pipe, made
by attaching a formed cylinder to the end of the pipe and
welding the abutting edges as a continuation and duplication of
the seam of the pipe (run-off plate). As an alternative to a
formed cylinder, the run-off plate may consist of flat plates
with reinforcing bars clamped to the underside to prevent
distortion. The run-off plate material shall be of the same heat,
preferably shear croppings from the same plate.
13.2 When heat treatment is required, test specimens shall
be cut from pipe after the heat treating has been completed, or
specimens removed from the pipe prior to heat treating shall be
heat treated with the pipe.
14. Transverse Guided-Bend Weld Tests
14.1 Two bend test specimens shall be taken transversely
across the weld. One shall be subject to a face guided-bend test
and the second to a root guided-bend test. One specimen shall

be bent with the inside surface of the pipe against the plunger,
and the other with the outside surface against the plunger.
14.2 The bend test shall be acceptable if no cracks or other
defects exceeding 1⁄8 in. [3 mm] in any direction are present in
the weld metal or between the weld and the pipe metal after
bending. Cracks which originate along the edges of the
specimen during testing, and that are less than 1⁄4 in. [6.5 mm]
measured in any direction shall not be considered.
15. Pressure Tests
15.1 Where hydrostatic test equipment is not available, the
pipe may be air or gas pressure tested with an internal pressure
of 100 psi [700 kPa]. The weld and weld area shall be inspected
with the use of soap solution or any other prepared solution
which will detect the leakage of air or gas from the inside.
15.2 Instead of a pressure test, when mutually agreed upon
between the purchaser and manufacturer, the entire weld area
of each pipe, including circumferential welds, may be tested by
nondestructive testing methods. These methods shall be capable
of detecting both surface and subsurface defects.
16. Inspection
16.1 When specified in the purchase order, the pipe may be
inspected at the manufacturer’s plant by an inspector representing
the purchaser. The inspector shall have entry at all
times. The manufacturer shall afford the inspector, all reasonable
facilities to satisfy him that the material is being furnished
in accordance with these specifications.
17. Certification
17.1 Upon request of the purchaser in the contract or order,
certification in accordance with the provisions of Specification
A 999/A 999M shall be furnished. When specified on the
purchase order or when a specific type of melting has been
specified on the purchase order, the type of melting used shall
also be reported to the purchaser or the purchaser’s representative.
18. Product Marking
18.1 Each length of pipe manufactured in accordance with
this specification shall have the following identifying marking
within 12 in. [300 mm] of one end: manufacturer’s name or
trade-mark, specification number, grade number of the alloy,
the manufacturer’s heat number, size, and schedule number.
Additional marking requirements for heat treatment are described
in Supplementary Requirement S2.
18.2 Marking shall be legibly stenciled with a suitable paint
or permanent marking compound, except when otherwise
specified by the purchaser.

SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS

One or more of the following supplementary requirements shall apply only when specified in the
purchase order. The purchaser may specify a different frequency of test or analysis than is provided
in the supplementary requirement. Subject to agreement between the purchaser and manufacturer,
retest and retreatment provisions of these supplementary requirements may also be modified.

S1. Product Analysis
S1.1 At the request of the purchaser a product analysis of
one coupon representing finished sheet or plate from each heat
shall be made by the pipe manufacturer. The drillings for
product analysis may be taken from shear crop or test specimens.
The results of product analysis shall conform to the
requirements in Table 1 and shall be reported to the purchaser.
S2. Radiographic Examination
S2.1 Weld soundness shall be determined through radiographic
examination made in accordance with requirements as
agreed upon between the pipe manufacturer and purchaser.
S3. Corrosion Requirements
S3.1 Boiling Nitric Acid Test—Except for Grade TP321,
coupons representing finished pipe made of nonmolybdenumbearing
material (0.50 % and less molybdenum) shall meet the
requirement of the boiling nitric acid test conducted according
to Practice C of Practices A 262. The condition of the test
specimens and the corrosion rates are as follows: Type 347 and
Type 348 shall be tested in the sensitized condition (heated for
1 h at 1240°F [675°C]) and the rate of penetration shall not
exceed 0.0020 in. [0.05 mm]/month. All other
nonmolybdenum-bearing types, except for Grade TP321,
shown in Table 1 shall be tested in the annealed and unsensitized
condition and the rate of penetration shall not exceed
0.0015 in. [0.04 mm]/month.
S3.2 Acidified Copper Sulfate Test—Coupons representing
finished pipe made of molybdenum-bearing material and Type
321 (over 0.50 % molybdenum) shall meet the requirements of
the copper-copper sulfate-sulfuric acid test (intergranular corrosion
test) conducted in accordance with Practice E of
Practices A 262. The condition of the test specimen is as
follows: All molybdenum-bearing types shown in Table 1 shall
be tested in the annealed and unsensitized condition. Type 321
shall be tested in the sensitized condition (heated for 1 h at
1240°F [675°C]). All specimens shall meet the requirements of
the prescribed bend test.
S4. Ferrite Control of Weld Deposits
S4.1 The ferrite content of the deposited weld metal in any
length of pipe may be determined. The procedural details
pertaining to this subject (that is, welding, plate and weld
deposit chemistry, testing equipment and method, number and
location of test sites, and ferrite control limits) shall be a matter
for agreement between the purchaser and the manufacturer.

S5. Stabilizing Heat Treatment
S5.1 Subsequent to the heat treatment required in 5.3,
Grades TP321, TP347, and TP348 shall be given a stabilization
heat treatment at a temperature lower than that used for the
initial solution annealing heat treatment. The temperature of
stabilization heat treatment shall be at a temperature as agreed
upon between the purchaser and vendor.
S6 Intergranular Corrosion Test
S6.1 When specified, material shall pass intergranular corrosion
tests conducted by the manufacturer in accordance with
Practices A 262, Practice E.

NOTE S6.1—Practice E requires testing on the sensitized condition for
low carbon or stabilized grades, and on the as-shipped condition for other
grades.
S6.2 A stabilization heat treatment in accordance with
Supplementary Requirement S5 may be necessary and is
permitted in order to meet this requirement for the grades
containing titanium or columbium.